引用本文:覃君慧1 叶菁1 王瑞安2 袁媛1 高星1 赵元琳1 杨莹1 谷雨1.医学本科生科研素质培养实践[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2019,18(11):1112~1117
医学本科生科研素质培养实践
Practice in cultivating the scientific research quality of medical undergraduates
DOI:
中文关键词:  医学生  科研素养  批判性思维  论文写作
英文关键词:Medical students  Scientific research quality  Critical thinking  Paper writing
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作者单位
覃君慧1 叶菁1 王瑞安2 袁媛1 高星1 赵元琳1 杨莹1 谷雨1 1空军军医大学基础医学院病理学教研室西安 7100322南方医科大学深圳医院病理科 518100 
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中文摘要:
      本文旨在探讨医学本科生早期接触科研对其科研素养的培养方式和效果影响。结合教师的科研项目,每年从主动申请的三年级本科学员中筛选3~5名学员参加科室不同课题组的项目。根据学员意愿,或参加科研项目中的部分实验,或单独完成小课题,或就某个问题在教师指导下撰写综述。近10年有25名学员参加了病理学教研室的本科生早期科研活动,共发表论文19篇。参加实验研究的学员,绝大部分都能进行科学实验,并具有一定的独立性,科研思维和动手能力得到锻炼;撰写综述的学员,不仅拓宽了知识面,还培养了文献检索、阅读、综合写作和批判性思维能力。因此,早期科研素养培养有利于调动学生参与科研的积极性与主动性,参加实验研究和专题综述可以在不同层面提升医学本科生的科研能力与科学素养。
英文摘要:
      This paper aimed at exploring methods and their effectiveness of cultivating the scientific research quality in medical undergraduates in the early stage of. In combination with teachers' scientific research projects, 3 to 5 medical undergraduates in 3rd grade who applied for the projects initiatively were selected every year to enter into different research groups in the department. According to students' wishes, they may participate in some experiments in scientific research projects, or complete small projects independently, or write a review on a certain topic under teachers' guidance. In the past 10 years, 25 students participated in the program of our section and published 19 papers in total. Most students who participated in the experimental research program were able to carry out some scientific experiments independently with improved scientific research ability and practical ability. Students who wrote reviews not only broadened their knowledge, but also developed the skills of literature search, reading, comprehensive writing and critical thinking. Therefore, it was concluded that the cultivation of scientific research quality in students in the early stage could motivate students to actively participate in scientific research; both scientific experiments and themed reviews could enhance the scientific research ability and scientific research quality of undergraduates from different angles.
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