引用本文:李军1 宋奇志1 洪浩2 蒋启龙1 奉成斌1.PBL联合CBL教学在骨科实习生临床教学中的应用[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(5):577~579
PBL联合CBL教学在骨科实习生临床教学中的应用
Problem-based learning method combined with the case-based learning in clinical teaching of orthopedic interns
DOI:
中文关键词:  以问题为基础的学习  以案例为基础的学习  骨科  临床实习
英文关键词:Problem-based learning  Case-based learning  Orthopedics  Clinical practice
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作者单位
李军1 宋奇志1 洪浩2 蒋启龙1 奉成斌1 1重钢总医院骨科重庆 4000812重庆市中医骨科医院骨科 400012 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨以问题为基础的学习(problem-based learning,PBL)和以案例为基础的学习(case-based learning,CBL)相结合在临床医学专业学生骨科临床实习教学中的应用。方法 将2018年7月至2019年12月在骨科临床学习的临床医学专业学生(60人)分为两组,分别采用PBL联合CBL教学(实验组,30人)和常规教学(对照组,30人)。PBL和CBL相结合教学主要基于病例和问题展开。采用理论考试和教学满意度调查比较两种教学方法的效果,应用SPSS 15.0对两组学生考试成绩行t检验。结果 理论考试中客观题平均得分,实验组与对照组差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);但病例分析题平均得分,实验组优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。教学满意度调查中,实验组学生对学习兴趣、自学能力、团队协作能力的提升效果表示认同,对教学总体满意度更高,并更愿意继续开展相应方式的教学。结论 PBL联合CBL教学有利于提高教学质量和满意度,值得在骨科实习生临床教学中推广应用。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore the effect of the problem-based learning method (PBL) combined with the case-based learning (CBL) in clinical practice teaching of orthopedic interns. Methods Totally 60 interns of clinical medicine who studied from July 2018 to December 2019 were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (n=30) receiving PBL combined with CBL teaching and control group (n=30) receiving traditional teaching. The theory examination and satisfaction survey were conducted to assess the effects two teaching methods, and t-test was performed for data analysis using SPSS 15.0. Results No significant difference was found in the average score of examination (P>0.05), but the examination group showed a higher average score in the clinical case analysis than the control group (P<0.05). The satisfaction survey showed that the students in the experimental group were more satisfied with the improvement in learning interests, self-study ability, and cooperation ability. Conclusions PBL combined with CBL teaching method achieves good teaching effect and it is worth being recommended in clinical teaching.
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