引用本文:胡蓉 林宇 蒋珏 严佳 徐辉 黄燕 姜虹.CBL教学在住院医师气道管理规范化培训中的应用[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(5):594~597
CBL教学在住院医师气道管理规范化培训中的应用
Application of case-based learning in standardized training of airway management in residents
DOI:
中文关键词:  住院医师规范化培训  CBL教学法  PBL教学法
英文关键词:Standardized resident training  Case-based learning  Problem-based learning
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作者单位
胡蓉 林宇 蒋珏 严佳 徐辉 黄燕 姜虹 上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院麻醉科 200011 
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中文摘要:
      目的 比较以案例为基础的教学(case-based learning,CBL)和以问题为学习基础的教学(problem-based learning,PBL)在临床麻醉学教学中的应用效果。方法 本研究对象为2018年和2019年接受气道管理培训的住院医师,共计39名。2018年有19名住院医师接受了PBL法气道管理培训,2019年有20名住院医师接受了CBL法气道管理培训,将这两组住院医师教学培训后技能操作考核成绩、理论成绩及对教学满意度进行对比。结果 CBL组住院医师理论考试成绩和教学满意度均明显优于PBL组住院医师,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),而两组住院医师在技能损伤考核成绩上差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。采用SPSS 19.0进行卡方检验和t检验。结论 在气道管理规范化培训中应用CBL教学,教学效果明显优于PBL教学,有助于提高住院医师对相关知识的了解,并增加其对教学过程的认可度。
英文摘要:
      Objective To compare the effect of case-based Learning (CBL) and problem-based Learning (PBL) in clinical education in anesthesiology. Methods A total of 39 residents who received airway management training in 2018 and 2019 were included in this study. Nineteen residents received training of airway management by PBL in 2018 (PBL group), and 20 residents received training of airway management by CBL in 2019 (CBL group). Students in both groups received assessment and questionnaires at the end of training. Results The scores of theoretical examination and students' teacher satisfaction degree in the CBL group were higher than those in the PBL group (P<0.05). However, there was no statistical difference in clinical operation assessment between the two groups (P>0.05). The chi-square test, and t-test analyses were performed using SPSS 19.0. Conclusion In the standardized training of airway management, CBL teaching method is better than PBL teaching mode, which enable the trainees to master the relevant knowledge and improve their acceptances of teaching procedures.
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