引用本文:甄志龙 刘瑞 赵建民 李强 张艳.“手足并用”教学在临床教学中的应用[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(7):824~827
“手足并用”教学在临床教学中的应用
Application of "hand-foot combination" method used in clinical teaching
DOI:
中文关键词:  “手足并用”教学  临床教学  教学实践
英文关键词:Teaching method of "hand-foot"  Clinical teaching  Teaching practice
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作者单位
甄志龙 刘瑞 赵建民 李强 张艳 内蒙古医科大学附属医院骨科呼和浩特 010050 
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中文摘要:
      “手足并用”教学理念最早形成并应用于骨科教学。在讲授骨与关节的解剖及疾病时,通过手与足的上下对比,使学生理解得更加透彻,更加容易记忆。在学习腰椎间盘突出症分类时,将躯体比作硬膜囊,双臂比作神经根,完美地解释了腰椎间盘突出的类型。通过上下肢解剖的高度相似,讲解了四肢神经损伤的临床表现。用拇指的不同方向,解释了阑尾的位置变异。以同样的方法讲解了女性生殖系统疾病,等等。“手足并用”教学在多个学科不断推广应用,并取得良好的教学效果。
英文摘要:
      The concept of "hand-foot" teaching method was first formed and applied in orthopedic teaching. In the class of bone and joint anatomy and diseases, the students can understand them more thoroughly and memorize them more easily by gestures of hands and feet. In learning the classification of lumbar disc herniation, the body is compared to the dural sac and the arms are compared to the nerve roots, which perfectly explains the types of lumbar disc herniation. The clinical manifestations of nerve injury in limbs were explained by the anatomical similarity of upper and lower limbs. We also explain the position variation of appendix by different directions of the thumb. In the same way, the "hand-foot" teaching method are used to explain the female reproductive system and so on. The "hand-foot" method has been widely applied in clinical teaching of many disciplines and achieved good effect in teaching practice.
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