引用本文:侯建林1 刘东明2 王维民1.英国本科医学教育及对我国的启示[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(8):874~878
英国本科医学教育及对我国的启示
Undergraduate medical education in the United Kingdom and its implications to China
DOI:
中文关键词:  本科医学教育  胜任力  教育标准  课程体系  英国
英文关键词:Undergraduate medical education  Competency  Education standard  Curriculum  The United Kingdom
基金项目:
作者单位
侯建林1 刘东明2 王维民1 1北京大学医学教育研究所全国医学教育发展中心 1000832北京大学八年制临床医学专业2013级 100083 
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中文摘要:
      英国本科医学教育课程分为临床前阶段和临床阶段两个部分,鼓励医学生攻读第二学位并注重个性化培养。在对课程进行高度整合的基础上采取多种教学方法按照器官系统或人体生理功能进行授课,开始重视健康促进的教学。借鉴英国经验,我国应该进一步加强本科医学教育阶段规范性文件的制订与监督执行,积极推进教学模式改革以促进基础医学教育与临床实践的衔接与融合,注重医学复合型人才的培养和医学生的个性化培养,进一步完善制度以提高临床实习效果。
英文摘要:
      Curriculum for undergraduate medical education in the United Kingdom consists of two parts, namely pre-clinical and clinical courses. Medical undergraduate students are encouraged to study for a second degree and individualized education is emphasized. Various methods are employed in teaching highly integrated courses, mainly according to human organs and systems or physiological functions. Drawing lessons from relevant experiences of the United Kingdom, China should further strengthen the formulation and supervision of standards and guidelines for undergraduate medical education, and actively promote the reform of teaching models in order to facilitate the connection and integration between basic medical education and clinical practice. It's also suggested that priorities be given to the cultivation of compound medical talents and individualized education for medical students. Finally, educational system should be further improved in order to enhance the effects of clinical practice.
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