引用本文:杜文琼 宗兆文 秦昊 钟鑫 周小林 吕明锐.基于BOPPPS教学模型和以无意识胜任能力为目标的止血带教学方法研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(8):903~906
基于BOPPPS教学模型和以无意识胜任能力为目标的止血带教学方法研究
Exploration of teaching method for tourniquets based on BOPPPS teaching model with a goal of unconscious competence
DOI:
中文关键词:  止血带  培训  BOPPPS教学模型  无意识胜任
英文关键词:Tourniquets  Training  BOPPPS teaching model  Unconscious competence
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作者单位
杜文琼 宗兆文 秦昊 钟鑫 周小林 吕明锐 陆军军医大学陆军卫勤训练基地战救技能训练教研室重庆 400038 
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究BOPPPS教学模型和以无意识胜任能力为目标的止血带教学的新方法,以最大限度提升受训人员止血带使用效能。方法 按照BOPPPS的教学框架进行止血带操作理论授课,并根据无意识不胜任→有意识不胜任→有意识胜任→无意识胜任的过程转变所需要的强化刺激进行止血带实践操作课程设计;将该种止血带教学的新方法应用于基层部队战士战救技能培训,并与传统的止血带教学方法的效果进行比较。所有数据采用SPSS 19.0统计软件进行分析。结果 新的止血带教学方法培训的人员,其操作止血带的速度优于传统方法培训的人员。结论 将BOPPPS教学模型及从无意识不胜任到无意识胜任的转变映射出的条件反射原理运用于止血带教学,能有效提升受训人员止血带操作技能水平,提高教学效果。
英文摘要:
      Objective To explore a new teaching method for tourniquets based on BOPPPS teaching model with a goal of unconscious competence, and to maximally increase trainees' application effectiveness of tourniquets. Methods Theoretic teaching was conducted in accordance with BOPPPS framework; practical curriculum design was made based on a reinforcing stimulus, which was needed in the progress changes within the "unconscious incompetence → conscious incompetence → conscious competence → unconscious competence". This new teaching method was used to train base-force soldiers' rescue skills, and its effect was compared with that of traditional teaching method. The data was analyzed by SPSS 19.0. Results Trainees who received this new method of training were faster to use tourniquets than those who received traditional method. Conclusion Applying the BOPPPS model and the conditioned reflex principle which reflected from unconscious incompetence to unconscious competence in the teaching of tourniquets can effectively improve trainees' skills, gaining better results in teaching.
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