引用本文:蒲军1 唐华1 全真1 杜威2 袁铭2 王领2 张帆2.虚拟现实技术应用于外科学研究生手术技能培训效果与评价[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2020,(8):941~944
虚拟现实技术应用于外科学研究生手术技能培训效果与评价
Effects and evaluation of application of virtual reality technology in surgical skills training for postgraduates
DOI:
中文关键词:  虚拟现实技术  外科学  研究生  手术技能  培训
英文关键词:Virtual reality technology  Surgery  Postgraduate students  Surgical skills  Training
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作者单位
蒲军1 唐华1 全真1 杜威2 袁铭2 王领2 张帆2 1重庆医科大学附属第一医院泌尿外科 4000162重庆捷记科技有限公司 401147 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨将虚拟现实(VR)技术应用于外科学研究生手术技能培训的可行性,并对其培训效果进行评价。方法 以创建肾切除术的VR软件为例,将该VR软件应用于外科学研究生的手术培训,并与传统教学方式进行比较,了解其培训效果。同时发放调查问卷,了解该VR软件的性能特点及技术优势。采用SPSS 23.0进行t检验。结果 采用VR软件培训组的考试成绩[(92.17±0.38)分]明显优于传统教学方式培训组的考试成绩[(87.94±0.43)分],差异有统计学意义(P<0.001)。共回收有效调查问卷35份,82%以上的调查对象认为VR手术教学具有训练画面逼真、立体感强、界面友好、操控简单、交互性良好、便于全维度观看、课程内容精彩丰富、学习效果好、能够激发学习兴趣等优势,100%调查对象认为VR手术教学能够替代传统手术教学方法。结论 将VR技术应用于外科学研究生手术技能的培训具有可行性;将VR技术应用于外科学研究生手术技能培训的效果明显优于传统教学方式,值得进一步推广应用。
英文摘要:
      Objectives To explore the feasibility of applying virtual reality (VR) technology to surgical skills training for postgraduate students with VR technology and to evaluate its training effect. Methods Taking the VR software for nephrectomy as an example, the VR software was applied to the surgical training of the surgery postgraduates, and compared with the traditional teaching methods to evaluate its training effect. Meanwhile the questionnaires about the performance characteristics and technological advantages of VR software were distributed to participators. Results The examination performances in group with VR training were significantly better than that with traditional teaching methods (92.17±0.38 vs. 87.94±0.43, P<0.001). A total of 35 valid questionnaires were collected back. More than 82% of participators considered that VR surgery teaching had advantages of realistic training mode, strong three-dimensional effect, friendly interface, easy manipulation, favorable interaction, convenient full-scale viewing, splendid and plentiful course content, wonderful training effect and stimulating training interest. All of participators confirmed that VR surgery teaching can replace the traditional surgery training methods. Conclusions It is feasible to apply VR technology in surgical skills training for postgraduates. The effect of surgical skills training with VR technology for postgraduates is significantly superior to the traditional training methods, which is worth further popularization and application.
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