引用本文:张瑞 高铖铖 宋秋月 陈佳 李芳 陈锡程 易东 伍亚舟.公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养质量评价体系构建[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,(3):261~266
公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养质量评价体系构建
Constructing the educational quality evaluation system for the master of public health
DOI:
中文关键词:  公共卫生硕士  专业学位  培养质量  层次分析法  评价体系
英文关键词:Master of public health  Professional degree  Training quality  Analytic hierarchy process  Evaluation system
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作者单位
张瑞 高铖铖 宋秋月 陈佳 李芳 陈锡程 易东 伍亚舟 陆军军医大学军事预防医学系军队卫生统计学教研室重庆 400038 
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中文摘要:
      目的 本研究旨在构建针对公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养全过程且实践性强的培养质量评价体系,为完善公共卫生教育体系提供依据。方法 基于公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养现状调查,结合文献调查法、焦点小组讨论法和专家座谈法构建评价指标体系,通过层次分析法确定各级指标的权重系数。所有资料采用Excel双人录入数据,使用matlabR2018a计算权重、判断矩阵最大特征根、一致性指标、一致性比例。结果 形成了由7个一级指标和24个二级指标构成的公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养质量评价体系;纳入研究的32名专家权威程度平均为0.791;一级指标中权重最高的前三项分别为导师指导(0.213)、专业实践(0.157)和科研课题(0.149);权重系数一致性比例CR=0.040,一致性检验通过(CR<0.1)。结论 本研究所构建的公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养质量评价体系具有科学性,各指标权重系数大小反映了公共卫生硕士专业学位研究生培养过程中的重点所在,能够为提高公共卫生人才培养质量提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Objective To construct a practical education training quality evaluation system that can monitor the entire training process for the master of public health, and to provide a basis for improving the public health education system. Methods Based on the survey of the current status of the master of public health, combined with the literature survey, the focus group discussion and the expert forum, an evaluation system was established, and the weight coefficient of each index was determined by the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). All data were entered by Excel double-person, and matlabR2018a was used to calculate the weight, and determine the maximum characteristic root of the matrix, consistency index and consistency ratio. Results The evaluation index system consisted of 7 first-level indicators and 24 second-level indicators. The average authority coefficient of 32 experts was 0.791. The top three items with the highest weight in the first-level indicators were mentor guidance (0.213), professional practice (0.157) and scientific research topics (0.149). The weight coefficient consistency ratio (CR) was 0.040, showing that the consistency test passed (CR<0.1). Conclusion The educational quality evaluation system of the master of public health constructed by the institute is scientific, and the weight of the evaluation index reflects the focus of the postgraduate training process of the master of public health, which can provide a reference for improving the quality of public health professionals.
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