引用本文:薛英利.医学院校医学英语教育教学体系的重构与实践[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,(3):281~287
医学院校医学英语教育教学体系的重构与实践
Reconstruction and practice of medical English education and teaching system in medical colleges and universities in China
DOI:
中文关键词:  医学英语教育教学体系  混合式教学  医学院校
英文关键词:Medical English education and teaching system  Mixed teaching  Medical colleges and universities
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作者单位
薛英利 西安医学院医学语言与文化研究中心西安 710021 
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中文摘要:
      为探索医学院校医学英语教育教学体系的重构与实践,本研究逐一访谈了23名国内医学院校外国语学院院长和综合院校开设医学专业的医学英语教学负责人,并收回西安医学院2 270份医学本科生有效问卷。医学院校医学英语教育教学存在的共性弊病为,医学英语师资医科知识严重不足、偏重医学英语教学、医学英语人文教育分量不足、医科英语教材偏重语言知识、课程教学与人才培养目标协同度不足。重构医学院校医学英语教育教学体系的路径为,医学院校医科英语教师与附属医院临床医生协同备课与授课,实现院院协作模式,实现师资重构、新医科医学英语教材重构、教学方式重构,采取线上与线下混合式医学英语教育教学。教育教学目标层面,注重医学生知识能力、情感素养的协同培养;医学英语学科建设层面,促成医学英语学科对医学英语教育教学的有力支撑。医学英语教师教研胜任力是医学院校医学英语教育教学成败的关键因素。需加大学界与业界的融合,实现医学英语教育教学产学研一体化,培养懂医学、英语语言能力过硬的英语专业人才和能用英语与外界沟通的医疗外交人才和援非医疗人才。
英文摘要:
      To explore the reconstruction and practice of medical English education in medical colleges and universities in China, totally, 23 deans of foreign language schools of medical universities and teachers in charge of English for Medical Purpose from prestigious universities where students have access to multidisciplinary education were interviewed via WeChat respectively. Additionally, a valid questionnaire survey was collected of 2 270 medical undergraduates in Xi'an Medical University, thus to evaluate feedback related to medical English education. In terms of medical English education, medical colleges and universities have such commonly shared disadvantages as insufficient medical knowledge of medical English teachers, imbalance between medical teaching and medical education, insufficient humanistic education in medical English teaching, poor integration of language and medicine science, ineffective coordination and matching between curriculum teaching and education objectives. Advisably, mixed mode of medical English education and teaching system in medical colleges and universities should be restructured. As for the development of English teachers for Medical Purpose, the synergy between medical English teachers in medical colleges and clinicians in affiliated hospitals should be developed via cooperative lesson preparation and classroom teaching characterized by hospital-school collaboration. Also, concerning teaching approaches and education and teaching objectives, the mixing of online and offline teaching should be adopted to achieve the objectives of making students be intellectually, competently, and emotionally qualified for future post. Last, medical English discipline should be prioritized to provide support for medical English education and teaching. The teaching and research competence of medical English teachers is the key factor for medical English education and teaching in medical colleges and universities. Importantly, integration of academia and medical industry needs to be deepened to facilitate the integration of medical industry, education and research, thus to ensure the development of high-quality medical talents with good mastery of English and medical English talents with good mastery of medicine in the fields of medical diplomacy and medical aid in African countries.
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