引用本文:吴若如1 唐怡庭2 邹飞1 陈秀丽1 胡亚贤1 叶韵婷1.医学机能学自主实验设计教学中学生主动性学习行为的调查研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,(3):368~372
医学机能学自主实验设计教学中学生主动性学习行为的调查研究
Investigation on students' active learning behavior during independent experimental design education of medical function
DOI:
中文关键词:  医学机能学  自主实验设计  主动性学习行为  教学效果  领导力
英文关键词:Medical function  Independent experimental design  Active learning behavior  Teaching effectiveness  Leadership
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作者单位
吴若如1 唐怡庭2 邹飞1 陈秀丽1 胡亚贤1 叶韵婷1 1中南大学湘雅医学院2017级五年制临床医学专业长沙 4100132中南大学基础医学院生理系长沙 4100133中南大学湘雅医学院2018级五年制麻醉学专业长沙 410013 
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中文摘要:
      目的 从学生主动性学习行为的角度评价自主实验设计教学效果,为进一步促进医学机能学教学改革和教学质量的提高提供依据。方法 2019年6月,选取参与课程学习的湘雅医学院五年制和八年制专业学生186人作为研究对象。采用自填问卷法对自主实验设计教学中学生主动性学习行为进行抽样调查。使用Spearman等级相关分析,Logistic回归对数据进行分析。采用SPSS 23.0软件对调查数据进行描述性分析。结果 在自主实验设计中,有约85.0%(158/186)的学生认为开展自主实验设计教学有必要且重要,72.6%(135/186)的学生在自主实验设计教学中尝试提出了新的科学问题,97.8%(182/186)的学生能主动查阅文献,77.4%(144/186)的学生积极参与了答辩环节。主动性学习行为“尝试提出新的科学问题”与教学效果“提高科研思维能力”的相关系数达到0.81。仅有42.5%(79/186)的学生认同需要由学生参与汇报后的总结。结论 医学机能学自主实验设计教学受到学生的广泛欢迎和认可,有效培养了学生的科研能力和创新精神。教学过程中学生的主动性学习行为能否被充分调动与教学效果密切相关。自主实验设计教学中学生的领导力和领导意识的培养尚待加强。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the teaching effectiveness of independent experimental design from students' active learning behavior, and further provide the basis for advancing the reform of functional experimental teaching and teaching quality. Methods In June 2019, 186 undergraduates (5-year-programme and 8-year-programme) of Xiangya School of Medicine were included in the teaching research. Self-administered questionnaires were applied to characterize students' active learning behavior in independent experimental design education. Spearman rank correlation analysis and Logistic regression analysis were used in the study. SPSS 23.0 was used for descriptive analysis of the data. Results During the independent experimental design, 85.0%(158/186) of the students thought it was necessary and important to conduct independent experimental design education; 72.6%(135/186) of the students tentatively raised new scientific questions; 97.8%(182/186) of the students actively searched literature; 77.4%(144/186) of the students participated in reply positively. The value of correlation coefficient of actively learning behavior "tentatively raising new science questions" and teaching effectiveness "improving the ability of scientific thinking" was 0.81. And only 42.5%(79/186) of the students agreed that students needed to summarize after reporting. Conclusion Independent experimental design education is welcomed and widely accepted by students, which has effectively improved the capacity for scientific research and innovation spirit of students. Whether students' active learning behavior can be fully mobilized in the education practice is closely related to the teaching effect. And the cultivation of leadership and leading consciousness still need to be improved.
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