引用本文:宋宁 李康之 凌霞 李哲元 邢玥 杨旭.临床医学硕士研究生专业认同现况及其与师徒功能、职业胜任力相关性研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,(3):373~378
临床医学硕士研究生专业认同现况及其与师徒功能、职业胜任力相关性研究
Investigation and study of the professional identity and its correlation with mentoring function and professional competency among clinical medicine postgraduates
DOI:
中文关键词:  学术学位  专业学位  专业认同  师徒功能  职业胜任力
英文关键词:Academic degree  Professional degree  Professional identity  Mentoring function  Professional competency
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作者单位
宋宁 李康之 凌霞 李哲元 邢玥 杨旭 北京大学航天临床医学院(航天中心医院)神经内科北京 100049 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨临床医学硕士研究生专业认同及其相关的师徒功能、职业胜任力等因素,为优化临床医学硕士研究生培养模式提供参考。方法 本研究于2019年对北京大学医学部9所临床医学院2016、2017、2018级学术学位/专业学位共217名全日制在读硕士研究生进行问卷调查,内容包括一般情况、专业认同初测问卷、师徒功能量表及职业胜任力调查4个方面。采用SPSS 26.0进行t检验、单因素方差分析、Kruskal-Wallis H 秩和检验和Pearson相关系数分析专业认同感现况及与职业胜任力和师徒功能的相关性。结果 临床医学学术学位与专业学位硕士的专业认同整体水平和4个因子得分均较高,两组得分比较差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。不同年级专业学位硕士的专业认同整体水平及行为性、适切性比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。Pearson相关系数分析表明,学术学位/专业学位硕士研究生职业胜任力、师徒功能总分与专业认同均呈正相关关系(P<0.001)。结论 临床医学硕士研究生的专业认同整体水平均较佳,且与职业胜任力、师徒功能密切相关;高年级专业学位硕士的专业认同整体水平更佳。建议除了围绕职业胜任力进行培养外,同时进一步对临床医学硕士的导师培养问题及学术学位硕士就业政策进行优化也十分重要。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the current status of professional identity among the clinical medical postgraduates and its correlation with mentoring function and professional competency, so as to provide reference for optimizing the training mode of clinical medicine postgraduates. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 217 academic and professional full-time postgraduates from Batch 2016 to 2018 majoring in clinical medicine in Peking University Health Science Center in 2019. The contents included four aspects: basic information, preliminary questionnaire of professional identity, mentoring function scale and professional competency. SPSS 26.0 was used for t test, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Pearson correlation analysis to analyze the status of professional identity and its correlation with professional competency and mentoring function. Results Both professional and academic clinical medicine postgraduates had high scores of the overall level and four factors, and there was no statistical significance in the scores between the two groups (P >0.05). There were significant differences in the overall level, behavior and appropriateness of professional identity among different grades of professional postgraduates (P<0.05). Correlation study showed that the professional identity was significantly positively correlated with the total score of professional competency and mentoring function (P<0.001). Further interview survey showed that the role of supervisor and employment prospects also played an important role in the elevation of professional identity. Conclusion The overall degree of professional identity of academic and professional postgraduates is good and closely related to professional competency and mentoring function and for professional postgraduates, the overall level of professional identity of senior students is better. It is suggested that besides focusing on their professional competency, it is necessary to further optimize the employment policy of academic postgraduates and the training of tutors for professional postgraduates.
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