引用本文:梅文瀚,朱坚轶,苏懿,袁俊,范先群.4+4临床医学人才培养美国模式与交医模式的比较及思考[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,21(12):1606-1611
4+4临床医学人才培养美国模式与交医模式的比较及思考
4+4 Clinical Medicine Program: comparison and thinking on the model of America and Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20221003-01092
中文关键词:  比较医学教育  "4+4"医学人才培养  临床医学  医学教育长学制
英文关键词:Comparative medical education  "4+4" Clinical Medicine Program  Clinical medicine  Long schooling of medical education
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
梅文瀚 1上海交通大学研究生院医学院分院上海 200025  
朱坚轶 2上海交通大学医学院教务处上海 200025  
苏懿 3上海交通大学基础医学院上海 200025  
袁俊 1上海交通大学研究生院医学院分院上海 200025  
范先群 4上海交通大学医学院院长办公室上海 200025 fanxq@sjtu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      上海交通大学医学院借鉴北美医学院校的培养模式,从2002年起在国内率先开展临床医学专业"4+4"培养项目,招收优秀非医学应届本科毕业生攻读4年医学课程。经过20年的实践,交大医学院已积累了一系列具有中国特色且行之有效的办学经验,同时也面临问题和困惑。本研究对比分析交大医学院和美国一流医学院校哈佛医学院、斯坦福大学医学院的"4+4"人才培养模式,并从培养目标、招生方式与规模、课程设置、学位授予标准等方面展开深入探讨。研究表明,未来交大医学院还需通过凸显特色人才培养目标,完善招生标准与流程,优化课程体系,平衡临床和科研能力培养等举措加大教育教学改革力度,助力推进"4+4"临床医学人才培养模式从优秀迈向卓越。
英文摘要:
      Learning from the clinical medicine program of North American medical schools, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM) has taken the lead in carrying out the "4+4" program of clinical medicine specialty in China since 2002, recruiting outstanding non-medical graduates to study for four years of medical courses. After 20 years of practice, SJTUSM has accumulated a series of effective school-running experience with Chinese characteristics, but there are also problems and puzzles. Based on the analysis and comparison of the "4+4" Clinical Medicine Program of SJTUSM with leading medical schools in the United States, such as Harvard Medical College and Stanford University Medical College, this paper discusses the training objectives, enrollment methods and scale, curriculum setting, degree-granting standards, etc. SJTUSM needs to strengthen the educational reform, improve the enrollment methods and curriculum system, strengthen the characteristics of compound talents training, and rationally balance the training of clinical and scientific research ability, so as to help promote the "4+4" clinical medical talents training mode to excellent.
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