引用本文:戴水源,刘艾娟,李明喆,王艺超.中医药院校研究生英语学习效能感与自主学习能力的相关性研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,21(12):1739-1744
中医药院校研究生英语学习效能感与自主学习能力的相关性研究
A study on the correction between English learning efficacy and autonomous learning ability of postgraduates in universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20220127-01121
中文关键词:  中医药院校  研究生  英语自主学习能力  英语学习效能感  相关性
英文关键词:University of Traditional Chinese Medicine  Postgraduate  English autonomous learning ability  English learning efficacy  Correlation
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2020-JYB-ZDGG-088);中华医学会医学教育分会、中国高等教育学会医学教育专业委员会2018年医学教育研究立项课题(2018B-N20026);北京中医药大学2019年度教育科学研究课题(XJYB1928)
作者单位E-mail
戴水源 1北京中医药大学人文学院中医药外语专业北京 102401  
刘艾娟 2北京中医药大学人文学院英语系北京 102401 liuaijuan2031@163.com 
李明喆 1北京中医药大学人文学院中医药外语专业北京 102401  
王艺超 1北京中医药大学人文学院中医药外语专业北京 102401  
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中文摘要:
      目的 调研中医药院校研究生英语学习效能感和英语自主学习能力水平,探索英语学习效能感与英语自主学习能力的相关性,考查英语学习效能感对自主学习能力的影响。方法 使用问卷调查法,调查207名中医药大学研究生英语学习效能感和自主学习能力在信念和行为两个层面的水平。使用独立样本t检验、单因素方差分析、非参数Mann-Whitney U检验和Kruskal-Wallis H检验等统计学方法分析问卷数据。结果 被试者英语效能感获分均值为(2.82±0.60)(1 ≤ ≤ 5),英语自主学习能力获分均值为(3.24±0.53)(1 ≤ ≤ 5)。被试者英语自主学习信念获分高于自主学习行为(t=14.10,P < 0.001),2020级被试者自主学习能力获分低于2021级(t=2.64,P=0.009)。线性相关分析表明,被试者英语学习效能感与自主学习能力获分呈中等显著正相关。结论 中医药院校研究生英语学习效能感处于中等偏低水平,英语自主学习能力处于中等水平。被试者英语自主学习行为滞后于自主学习信念,且被试者英语自主学习能力随年级升高而降低。英语学习效能感对英语自主学习能力有中等程度的正向影响。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the English learning efficacy and autonomous learning proficiency of postgraduates in universities of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), explore whether there is a correlation between English learning efficacy and autonomous learning ability, and to analyze the influence of English learning efficacy on autonomous learning ability. Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out to assess the levels of English learning efficacy and English autonomous learning in two levels of belief and behavior among 207 postgraduates in TCM universities. Statistical methods such as independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, nonparametric Mann-Whitney U-test, and Kruskal Wallis H-test were applied to analyze the data collected in the questionnaire survey. Results The average score of subjects' English learning efficacy was 2.82 ± 0.60 (1 ≤ ≤ 5), and the average score of subjects' English autonomous learning ability was 3.24 ± 0.53 (1 ≤ ≤ 5). The scores of their autonomous English learning in the level of belief was significantly higher than those of the level of behavior (t =14.10, P < 0.001). The scores of autonomous learning ability of subjects in Batch 2020 were significantly lower than those in Batch 2021 (t = 2.64, P = 0.009). Linear correlation analysis showed that there was a moderately positive correlation between English learning efficacy and autonomous learning ability. Conclusion The English learning efficacy of postgraduates in TCM universities is at the middle-low level and their English autonomous learning ability is at the middle level. Moreover, their English autonomous learning in the level of behavior underperforms the English autonomous learning in the level of belief, and the English autonomous learning ability decreases with the increase of the grades. In addition, the English learning efficacy has a moderate positive influence on autonomous English learning ability.
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