引用本文:邬青,朱倩,李惠玲,赵奇.医学本科生课余时间管理能力、自我效能与学习效果的关系研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,21(12):1745-1751
医学本科生课余时间管理能力、自我效能与学习效果的关系研究
Study on the relationship among the extracurricular time management ability, self-efficacy and learning effect of medical undergraduates
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20200605-01122
中文关键词:  全日制  本科生  时间管理  成绩  效能  影响
英文关键词:Full-time  Undergraduate  Time management  Performance  Efficacy  Influence
基金项目:苏州大学高等教育教学改革研究
作者单位E-mail
邬青 1苏州大学附属第一医院护理部苏州 215000  
朱倩 2苏州大学护理学院苏州 215000  
李惠玲 1苏州大学附属第一医院护理部苏州 215000  
赵奇 3苏州大学附属第一医院放疗科苏州 215000 734867417@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解苏州地区医学本科生课余时间管理能力、自我效能现状及对学习效果的影响。方法 采用一般资料调查表、大学生课余时间管理能力现状调查问卷、中文版一般自我效能感量表为调查工具,于2018年9月至2019年4月采取整群抽样的方法选取苏州大学医学类5个学院、5个年级共450名全日制本科生为调查对象进行问卷填写。采用SPSS 22.0进行t检验或单因素方差分析、卡方检验;使用多元Logistics回归分析课余时间管理能力、自我效能对学习成绩的影响。结果 共发放问卷450份,回收421份,有效回收率为93.6%。全日制医学本科生课余时间偏少,不同的年级、是否担任学生干部、专业兴趣、经济状况等方面的学生课余时间管理能力不同。不同年级的学生自我效能水平不同。多元Logistics回归分析,模型拟合χ2=220.488,P=0.002,决定系数为0.660,课余时间管理能力和自我效能感是学习成绩的独立影响因素。结论 学校应采取针对性的措施,达到提升医学生学习效果和教育质量的目的。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the current situation of management ability and self-efficacy of medical undergraduates in Suzhou and their influence on the learning effect. Methods General data questionnaire, present situation of college students' spare time management ability questionnaire and Chinese general self-efficacy scale were used to collect data from September 2018 to April 2019 in 5 colleges and 5 grades of medicine in a comprehensive university in Suzhou using cluster sampling method. A total of 450 full-time undergraduates completed the questionnaire. SPSS 22.0 was used for t-test, one-way ANOVA and Chi-square test. Multiple Logistics regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of extracurricular time management ability and self-efficacy on academic performance. Results A total of 450 questionnaires were distributed, and 421 were recovered, with the effective recovery rate of 93.6%. The extracurricular time of full-time medical undergraduates was relatively low, and the management ability of extracurricular time was different in different grades, whether to be a student leader, professional interests, economic status and other aspects. Students of different grades had different levels of self-efficacy. Multivariate Logistics regression analysis was carried out with the dependent variables, with the model fitted χ2=220.488, P=0.002 and the determination coefficient = 0.660. The management ability and self-efficacy in spare time were independent influencing factors of academic performance. Conclusion Schools should take specific measures to improve the learning effect and educational quality of medical students.
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