引用本文:周天津,赵梓伶,周天玉,罗荣,钟小燕,王梦宇.妇幼保健机构卫生技术人员在职培训现状调查分析[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2022,21(12):1751-1755
妇幼保健机构卫生技术人员在职培训现状调查分析
Investigation and analysis of on-the-job training of health technicians in maternal and child care institutions
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20210511-01123
中文关键词:  妇幼保健机构  卫生人员  在职培训
英文关键词:Maternal and child health care institution  Medical and health personnel  On-the-job training
基金项目:成都市卫生健康委医学科研课题(2021361);四川省卫生信息学会科研课题(2021038);四川省妇幼保健院科技创新基金项目(2019CXJJ005)
作者单位E-mail
周天津 1四川省妇幼保健院妇幼健康管理部成都 610045  
赵梓伶 1四川省妇幼保健院妇幼健康管理部成都 610045  
周天玉 2四川省中医药科学院中医药临床基础与文献信息研究所成都 610045  
罗荣 3中国疾病预防控制中心妇幼保健中心政策研究室北京 100081 luorong@chinawch.org.cn 
钟小燕 4广州市番禺区健康教育中心健教部广州 510000  
王梦宇 5河北省衡水市妇幼保健院口腔保健科衡水 053000  
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析了解妇幼保健机构卫生技术人员在职教育现状及需求,提出提升妇幼保健机构人员综合素质和专业水平改进措施。方法 对辽宁、山西、山东、宁夏4省份,省、市、县三级共11所妇幼保健机构卫生技术人员在职教育需求开展问卷调查和定性访谈。用Epidata 3.1录入建立数据库,用SPSS 22.0软件进行统计、分析。结果 本次调查共1 678份问卷纳入分析。接受培训1 313人,占78.2%;未接受培训主要原因是单位没安排有180人,占49.3%(180/365);培训的时间在3天以上有779人,占59.3%;培训形式为上级综合医院进修有384人,占29.2%;上级妇幼保健机构进修有268人,占20.4%;培训内容为专业新进展的人数有837人,占50.8%(837/1 648)。访谈发现,妇幼保健机构人员在专题培训、外出进修、在线学习、继教、规培等方面还存在一定需求。结论 妇幼保健机构应加快专业人才队伍建设,加大培训力度,深入实施卫生人才培训项目;建立长效机制,增加经费投入,完善培训内容,保证培训质量;做好分层分级培训,满足各层级人员学习需求。这对于配强妇幼技术人员、提升妇幼保健机构服务能力有着重要的意义。
英文摘要:
      Objective To analyze the current situation and requirements of education for health technicians in maternal and child health care institutions, and put forward feasible strategies and measures to improve the comprehensive quality and professional level of the talent team of maternal and child health care institutions. Methods Questionnaire survey was carried out on education needs of health technical staff of 11 maternal and child health care hospitals in 4 provinces (regions), and provincial, municipal and district-level medical institutions. The survey results were recorded by Epidata 3.1. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results A total of 1 678 questionnaires were included in the analysis. A total of 1 313 people received training, accounting for 78.2%. The main reason for not receiving training was that the unit didn't arrange (180 people), accounting for 49.3%(180/365). There were 779 people who had more than 3 days of training, accounting for 59.3%. There were 384 people who were trained in superior general hospitals, accounting for 29.2%, and 268 people were trained in superior maternal and child health institutions, accounting for 20.4%. There were 837 people who learned the content of new professional progress, accounting for 50.8%(837/1 648). According to the interview, there were still some requirements for thematic training, further education, online learning, continuing education and standardized training. Conclusion Maternal and child health care institutions have accelerated the construction of professional personnel, intensified training, and thoroughly implemented health personnel training programs, established a long-term mechanism, increased funding, improved training content, ensured the quality of training, and made a good job in hierarchical training to meet the learning needs of personnel at all levels. This is of great significance for strengthening the technical personnel of maternal and child health care institutions and improving their service capacity.
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