引用本文:李文䶮,李学刚,何明莲,陈图南,冯华,李飞.多模态神经影像三维重建和虚拟现实技术在神经外科专科医师培训中的应用[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2023,22(4):577-581
多模态神经影像三维重建和虚拟现实技术在神经外科专科医师培训中的应用
Application of multi-modal neuroimaging three-dimensional reconstruction and virtual reality in neurosurgical specialists training
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20200904-01251
中文关键词:  多模态虚拟现实  增强现实  神经外科专科医师培训
英文关键词:Multi-modal virtual reality  Augmented reality  Neurosurgical specialists training
基金项目:国家自然科学基金青年项目(81901213);军队医学科技青年培育计划(21QNPY013)
作者单位邮编
李文䶮 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
李学刚 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
何明莲 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
陈图南 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
冯华 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
李飞* 陆军军医大学第一附属医院神经外科重庆 400038 400038
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中文摘要:
      神经系统解剖复杂、手术风险高,对神经外科医师的基础知识、空间思维、操作经验要求很高。本研究介绍了虚拟现实技术助力神经外科专科医师培训实践。通过神经影像学与虚拟现实技术多模态融合,桥接神经影像与手术视野,为医师提供了全息三维空间影像,使其能够在肉眼直视下进行手术规划和操作模拟;为下一步现实手术过程提供定位依据和实践指导,可显著缩短神经外科专培医师的培养周期并提高学习成效;从多个层面提高专培医师的能力水平,并对神经外科专科医师培训产生深远影响。
英文摘要:
      Neurosurgery is considered as one of the most difficult areas in the field of medicine, and the complexity of nervous system is a leading cause. Therefore, it demands neurosurgeons possess basic knowledge, spatial thinking, and practical experiences. Here, we introduce a rapid developing technique applying multi-modal neuroimaging reconstruction and virtual reality, which constitutes a novel learning model for boosting the growth of neurosurgeons. The incorporation of multi-modal neuroimaging and virtual reality builds a bridge from two-dimensional image to actual surgical view. Neurosurgeons are able to perform surgical planning and simulation with naked eyes under the constructed three-dimensional hologram. The technique also provides evidence of accurate localization and guidance for operation. Therefore, multi-modal neuroimaging reconstruction and virtual reality are expected to tremendously promote the progress of young trainees, and can further enhance their all-round abilities. In short, this revolutionary learning model would impact the neurosurgical specialists training profoundly.
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