引用本文:党红星,罗蓉,李静.儿科专业学位研究生批判性思维倾向的调查研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2024,23(5):606-612
儿科专业学位研究生批判性思维倾向的调查研究
An investigative study of critical thinking disposition in pediatric professional graduate students
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20231030-01629
中文关键词:  儿科  专业学位研究生  批判性思维倾向  批判性思维倾向量表  医学教育
英文关键词:Pediatrics  Professional graduate student  Critical thinking disposition  Critical thinking disposition inventory  Medical education
基金项目:重庆医科大学未来医学青年创新团队发展支持计划项目(2021-W0111)
作者单位邮编
党红星 重庆医科大学附属儿童医院重症医学科国家儿童健康与疾病临床医学研究中心重庆 400014 400014
罗蓉 重庆医科大学附属第一医院健康管理中心重庆 400042 400042
李静* 重庆医科大学附属儿童医院重症医学科国家儿童健康与疾病临床医学研究中心重庆 400014 400014
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中文摘要:
      目的 研究儿科专业学位研究生的批判性思维倾向,了解其影响因素并提出教学改进建议。方法 本横断面研究使用加利福尼亚批判性思维倾向量表-中文版(California critical thinking disposition inventory-Chinese version,CTDI-CV),采用“问卷星”网络调查的形式,对2022年9月至2023年8月在重庆医科大学附属儿童医院重症医学科临床轮转的儿科专业学位硕士研究生进行批判性思维倾向调查分析。通过(均数±标准差)描述CTDI-CV得分,采用SPSS 23.0软件用t检验、F检验、趋势性分析和简单线性回归等方法分析批判性思维倾向分布情况。结果 共收集到130份有效问卷。儿科专业学位硕士研究生CTDI-CV总体平均为(235.76±30.73)分,男性得分为(224.40±28.50)分,低于女性的(242.86±30.08)分(P=0.001);“5+3”一体化学生[(244.18±30.33)分]较统招硕士[(232.02±30.32)分]得分高(P=0.037);研究生三年级学生[(254.77±18.97)分]比二年级[(229.21±27.19)分]和一年级[(219.79±37.41)分]得分高,且随年级增加而增加(H=30.34,P<0.000 1)。全部学生寻找真相子维度的平均分为(39.52±6.86)分,是所有子维度中最高的;最低的是批判思维的自信心,得分为(28.65±7.23)分。女性在寻找真相、开放思想、分析能力、系统化能力、批判思维的自信心、认知成熟度得分均显著高于男性(P=0.027、0.025、0.031、0.016、0.005、0.013);求知欲在男女之间差异无统计学意义(P=0.073)。结论 大多数儿科专业学位研究生在批判性思维倾向上呈现多元化或不太倾向于批判性思维。他们愿意寻找真相,但批判性思维的自信心较低。其中,女性、“5+3”一体化和高年级研究生相对更倾向于批判性思维。这些发现突显了采取更有效的教学方法以促进批判性思维的重要性。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the critical thinking disposition of pediatric professional graduate students and the influencing factors, and to put forward suggestions for teaching improvement.Methods In this cross-sectional study, we administered the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory-Chinese Version (CTDI-CV) through an online survey tool (Wenjuanxing) to pediatric professional graduate students rotating in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from September 2022 to August 2023. CTDI-CV scores were described as mean ± standard deviation. The distribution of critical thinking disposition scores was analyzed using the t test, F test, trend analysis, and simple linear regression analysis with the use of SPSS 23.0.Results A total of 130 usable questionnaires were returned. The overall mean CTDI-CV score of the pediatric graduate students was (235.76±30.73). The CTDI-CV score was significantly lower in male students than in female students [(224.40±28.50) vs. (242.86±30.08), P=0.001]. The students of the integrated "5+3" program scored significantly higher than the graduate students recruited through the national unified examination [(244.18±30.33) vs. (232.02±30.32), P=0.037]. The CTDI-CV scores of the first-, second-, and third-year graduate students were (219.79±37.41), (229.21±27.19), and (254.77±18.97), respectively, showing a significant upward trend (H=30.34, P<0.000 1). Among all attributes, the score for truth-seeking in all students was highest (39.52±6.86), while the score for confidence in reasoning was lowest (28.65±7.23). Female students scored significantly higher than male students in truth-seeking (P=0.027), open-mindedness (P=0.025), analyticity (P=0.031), systematicity (P=0.016), confidence in reasoning (P=0.005), and cognitive maturity (P=0.013), with no significant difference in inquisitiveness (P=0.073).Conclusions Most pediatric graduate students exhibit diversified or somewhat little inclination towards critical thinking, with a willingness to seek truth but low confidence in critical thinking. Female students, those in the integrated "5+3" program, and upper-level students are more likely to have critical thinking. These findings underscore the need for more effective teaching methods to foster critical thinking.
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