引用本文:王璐,刘博,李倩侠,孙伊楠,袁响林.医学教育教学研究标准化的提出与探索[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2024,23(5):631-635
医学教育教学研究标准化的提出与探索
The proposal and exploration of medical education and research standards
DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn116021-20230414-01564
中文关键词:  医学教育教学研究  教学研究伦理  研究标准  教从性  知情同意
英文关键词:Medical education research  Education research ethics  Research standard  Education compliance  Informed consent
基金项目:华中科技大学同济医学院第二临床学院教学研究基金(2022064)
作者单位邮编
王璐 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院肿瘤学教研室武汉 430030 430030
刘博 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院肿瘤学教研室武汉 430030 430030
李倩侠 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院肿瘤学教研室武汉 430030 430030
孙伊楠 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院内科教研室武汉 430030 430030
袁响林* 华中科技大学同济医学院附属同济医院肿瘤学教研室武汉 430030 430030
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中文摘要:
      随着新技术、新方法、新教学理论的提出与发展,医学教育教学研究也在不断创新并广泛开展。医学教育教学研究的理论、方法和管理模式与时俱进,促进教学能力、医学人才与医学人文培养水平快速提高。然而,当前医学教育教学研究过于关注教学理论、方法和教学管理的创新,而忽视了教学伦理、教学对象知情和潜在获益与风险的评估等方面。此外,教学研究全过程管理中缺乏标准统一的执行和监管规范也是目前亟待解决的问题,尤其体现在教学实证研究中,从而对教学研究的规范化开展带来巨大挑战。本研究通过类比临床试验研究体系,以及对教学研究和教学伦理相关研究总结,首次提出了一套规范化、系统化的医学教育教学研究标准,包括分类、分期、不同阶段等范式。这些标准为医学教育教学研究普适性开展、提高教学对象的教从性、充分保障教学对象获益和避免教学研究风险提供了理论基础,为其他学科的标准化教学研究提供参考。
英文摘要:
      With the proposal and development of new technologies, new methods, and new education theories, the research on medical education and teaching has been conducted extensively. The theories, methods, and management mode of the research on medical education and teaching are keeping pace with the times and thus promote the rapid improvement in teaching ability, medical talents, and the training level of medical humanities. However, current studies on medical education and teaching focus too much on the innovation of education theories, methods, and management and neglect the aspects such as educational ethics, student awareness, and assessment of potential benefits and risks. In addition, the lack of unified implementation and supervision standards in the whole process management of education research is also a problem that needs to be solved urgently, especially in empirical studies, which brings great challenges to the standardized implementation of education research. By performing an analogy with the clinical trial research system and summarizing education research and educational ethics, this study, for the first time, proposes a set of standardized and systematic medical education and research standards, including the paradigms of classification, staging and different stages. These standards provide a theoretical basis for implementing medical education research, improving the education compliance of target students, fully guaranteeing the benefits of target students, and avoiding the risks in education research, which provides a reference for standardized education research in other disciplines.
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