引用本文:孙同琳 王岩青 徐晓凤 兰奎旭 李龙军 张健.应用柯氏评估模型分析住院医师规范化培训效果的研究[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2014,13(1):31~33
应用柯氏评估模型分析住院医师规范化培训效果的研究
Analyzing effectiveness of standardized training for resident by Kirkpatrick evaluation model
DOI:
中文关键词:  住院医师规范化培训  柯氏评估模型  效果分析
英文关键词:Standardized training for resident  Kirkpatrick evaluation model  Effective-ness analysis
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作者单位
孙同琳 王岩青 徐晓凤 兰奎旭 李龙军 张健 Medical College Qingdao University 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解住院医师规范化培训效果,完善相应评价方法。方法 对89名住院医师及其所在科室的46名科主任及46名护士长进行问卷调查,用柯氏评估模型(Kirkpatrick eval-uation model),从反应层、学习层、行为层及成果层4个层面进行分析。反应层定量资料采用方差分析,学习层与行为层的两样本均数比较采用配对t检验。结果 反应层:住院医师对培训的总体满意度为4.09。学习层:比较培训前后考试成绩,差异有统计学意义(P=0.00)。行为层:各项能力素质培训前后比较,差异有统计学意义(P=0.00)。成果层:89名住院医师患者投诉率为0,事故率为0,执业医师资格考试通过率为100%。结论 住院医师规范化培训能提升住院医师的各项素质及能力;柯氏评估模型能够较好反映住院医师规范化培训的效果,是很好的效果分析工具。
英文摘要:
      Objective To understand the effect of standardized training for resident doctors and to improve its evaluation method. Methods A questionnaire survey was made among 89 resident doctors including 46 directors and 46 matrons. Kirkpatrick Model was used to analyze the question-naires in four dimensions including reaction layer, learning layer, behavior layer and achievement layer. Data of reaction layer were analyzed by ANOVA and data of learning layer and behavior layer were compared by paired t-test. Results Reaction layer: the overall satisfaction of the resident doc-tor for training is about 4.09. Learning layer: There were significantly statistical differences in the test scores before and after training(P=0.00). Behavior layer: There were significantly statistical differences in resident doctor’s ability and quality before and after training(P=0.00). Achievement layer: both the complaint rate and the accident rate of the 89 resident doctors were 0 while all of them passed the practicing physician exam. Conclusions Standardized training can improve the quality and ability of resident doctors. Kirkpatrick evaluation model can reflect the effect of the standardized training for resident and is a good tool to analyze the effectiveness of standardized training for resident.
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