引用本文:张卫强 赵京 裴迎新 谭健 梁海龙.标准化病人结合案例教学对胸外科实习学生人文素质的培养[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2014,13(1):90~93
标准化病人结合案例教学对胸外科实习学生人文素质的培养
Discussion of standard patient combined with case-based learning in humanistic quality cultiva-tion for interns in the department of thoracic surgery
DOI:
中文关键词:  标准化病人  案例教学  胸外科  人文素质培养
英文关键词:Standard patient  Case-based learning  Department of thoracic surgery  Hu-manistic quality cultivation
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作者单位
张卫强 赵京 裴迎新 谭健 梁海龙 Department of Thoracic Surgery Beijing Military General Hospital 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨标准化病人(standard patient, SP)结合案例教学(case-based learning,CBL)对胸外科临床实习学生人文素质培养的效果。方法 选取我院胸外科临床实习学生60人为研究对象,随机抽取组号将其分为实验组及对照组,各30人。实验组采用SP+CBL教学;对照组采用传统教学。学习结束时,采用闭卷考试进行成绩考核;同时以不记名问卷调查方式,用t检验和?字2 检验评价2种方法教学效果。结果 2组学生的考试成绩差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。实验组学生在病史采集、查体技能、病历书写等方面成绩明显高于对照组(P<0.01)。实验组学生对SP+CBL教学在激发学习兴趣、改善医患关系和服务态度、提高责任心等方面的满意度显著高于对照组( ?字2=16.484,10.335,20.376,32.851,P<0.01)。结论 SP+CBL教学优于传统教学,可以提高学习的积极性,有助于医学生人文素质的培养。
英文摘要:
      Objective To evaluate the methods of standard patient (SP) combined with case-based learning(CBL) in humanistic quality cultivation for interns in the department of thoracic surgery. Methods Medical interns in the department of thoracic surgery were divided randomly into experimental(n=30) and control group(n=30) respectively. In experimental group, SP combined with CBL was used while in control group traditional teaching was used. At the end of the study, teaching effect was assessed by the final examination and questionnaires and the data were processed by t test and ?字2 test. P<0.05 signifies statistical differences. Results There was no significant difference in test scores between the two groups(P >0.05). Scores of history-taking, medical check-up, paper writing quality in the final examination in experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group(P<0.01). Satisfaction degrees of doctor-patient communication, responsibility and service attitude in experimental group were better than those of control group( ?字2=16.484, 10.335, 20.376, 32.851, P<0.01). Conclusions SP combined with CBL teaching method can stimulate the students' interests in thoracic surgery practice, improve the doctor-patient relationship and strengthen the ability of human-istic concern. It is a better clinical thoracic practice teaching method and it is beneficial to cultivating medical students with humanistic concern.
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