引用本文:肖国华 刘文艳 汪苗 朱白鹭 沈学清 芮蓓.不同护理实验教学模式对护生执业能力的影响[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2014,13(2):204~207
不同护理实验教学模式对护生执业能力的影响
Effect of different nursing experimental teaching modes on the professional ability of nursing students
DOI:
中文关键词:  护生  实验教学  执业能力
英文关键词:Nursing students  Experimental teaching  Professional ability
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作者单位
肖国华 刘文艳 汪苗 朱白鹭 沈学清 芮蓓 Nursing Department Wannan Medical College 
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中文摘要:
      目的 探讨护理实验教学新模式对护生执业能力的影响。方法 选取2006级护理专业本科护生402人为对照组,采用传统的实验教学模式;选取2007级护理专业本科护生564人为实验组,采用改革后的实验教学模式。进入临床实习3个月后对临床带教教师进行问卷调查,评价2组护生在服务意识、知识运用、动手实践、沟通合作等8个方面的能力,同时记录护生对实验教学的满意度、首次就业率等。运用Epidata 3.1、SPSS 13.0软件对数据进行整理分析,2组护生职业能力总分采用独立样本的t检验,各条目等级结果采用秩和检验,2组护生对实验教学满意度及在校执业护士资格考试通过率和首次就业率行χ2检验。结果 2007级护生沟通合作能力得分为(2.86±0.23),创新意识维度得分为(2.86±0.17),发现问题能力得分为(2.85±0.19),动手操作能力得分为(2.84±0.24),知识运用能力得分为(2.79±0.20),组织协调能力得分为(2.78±0.19),自主学习能力得分为(2.65±0.19),均高于2006级护生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。2007级护生对实验教学满意度为94.5%(536/567),首次就业率为84.5%(479/567),高于2006级护生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论 护理实验教学新模式有利于培养和提高护生执业能力,值得推广。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate effects of new nursing experimental teaching mode on professional ability of nursing students. Methods Traditional experimental teaching mode was used in control group (402 nursing students of 2006 grade) and experimental teaching model was used in experimental group (564 nursing students of 2007 grade). Questionnaires survey was conducted among clinical teachers to evaluate 8 abilities (service consciousness, knowledge application, practical abil-ity, communication ability. etc) of nursing students after 3 months' clinical practice. Satisfaction de-gree of experimental teaching and the first time employment rate of nursing students were recorded. All data were sorted out and analyzed by Epidata 3.1 and SPSS 13.0. Total score of students' profes-sional capacity was compared by independent t test. Score of the scale item was compared by rank sum test. Satisfaction rating for experimental teaching, passing rate of nurse practicing qualification examination and the first time employment rate were compared by chi-square test. All statistical tests were two-sided and P <0.05 was considered statistically significant different. Results Students' scores of communication ability, innovation capacity, capability to identify problems, practical ability, knowl-edge application, ability of organization and independent learning ability were 2.86±0.23, 2.86±0.17, 2.85±0.19, 2.84±0.24, 2.79±0.20, 2.78±0.19, 2.65±0.19 in experimental group, higher than those in control group. Satisfaction degree of experimental teaching and the first employment rate of students in experimental group were 94.5%(536/567) and 84.5%(479/567), higher than those in con-trol group with statistically significant differences(P<0.05). Conclusion New teaching mode of nurs-ing experiment can improve the professional ability of nursing students.
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