引用本文:周远忠 刘俊 申旭波 李其虎 江广忠 李岩.临床医学生在疾病预防控制中心见习效果评价[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2014,13(5):441~444
临床医学生在疾病预防控制中心见习效果评价
Clinical thinking ability cultivation of master degree postgraduates majoring in mental health and psychiatry
DOI:
中文关键词:  疾病预防控制中心  临床医学生  预防医学  见习
英文关键词:Psychiatry  Professional master degree postgraduate  Clinical thinking  Training measures
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作者单位
周远忠 刘俊 申旭波 李其虎 江广忠 李岩 School of Mental Health Jining Medical University 
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中文摘要:
      目的 评价临床医学生在疾病预防控制中心(center of disease control and preven-tion, CDC)的见习效果。方法 整群抽样2007级(大三)临床医学生,随机分为教改组和非教改组,非教改组98人在校内实验室进行以讲授和讨论为主的传统实践,教改组79人到CDC见习。采用问卷与访谈法评价学生的预防医学认知、兴趣及就业意愿等。采用EpiData 3.1录入数据,纠错核对后采用SPSS 17.0 软件进行统计分析,率和构成比的组间比较采用χ2检验,自评分的组间比较采用秩和检验。结果 教改组中,将H1N1正确归为乙类的为76.0%,计划免疫了解程度自评分为4.0,H1N1报告程序熟悉程度自评分为4.0,督导短程化疗(directly observed treatment, short-course, DOTs)策略了解程度自评分为3.0,慢性非传染性疾病管理了解程度自评分为5.0,预防医学的兴趣度自评分为4.0,将CDC列为就业选择的比例为73.3%;分别高于非教改组的相应数据,40.4%、2.9分、2.9分、2.0分、4.0分、3.8分和28.7%(均P<0.05)。结论 CDC见习有益于提高临床学生预防医学学习兴趣,使其了解预防相关知识,转变择业观念。
英文摘要:
      Psychiatric professional talents are specially needed in China. Attention should be paid to the cultivation of clinical thinking ability in the process of cultivating professional master de-gree postgraduate majoring in mental health and psychiatry. Following measures can be taken such as using problem-based learning(PBL) interactive teaching, organizing symposium, urging students to re-viewing the language knowledge and logic knowledge, implementing specialized training to promote students' rigorous logical thinking ability, the ability to get information and interpersonal communica-tion ability, strengthening the clinical practice teaching and paying close attention to the analysis and summary after the failure.
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