引用本文:梁进 鲁映青 孙利军 赖雁妮 曾勇 闵瑞隽.教师背景特征对学生评教结果影响的实证分析[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2014,13(6):550~553
教师背景特征对学生评教结果影响的实证分析
Empirical analysis of the effect of teachers' background characteristics on the students' evaluation of teaching
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中文关键词:  教师背景特征  学生评教  实证分析  教学评估
英文关键词:Teachers' background characteristics  The students' evaluation of teaching  Empirical analysis  Teaching evaluation
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梁进 鲁映青 孙利军 赖雁妮 曾勇 闵瑞隽 Medical Education Office Fudan University 
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中文摘要:
      目的 分析教师背景特征对学生评教结果的影响,从促进教师专业发展的角度提高教师教学水平。方法 收集复旦大学上海医学院2008至2011年共3个学年的学生评教数据,分析教师的性别、年龄、职称、学历等背景特征对学生评教结果的影响。运用Excel 2007 建立数据集,SPSS 11.0软件对数据进行统计学处理。数据用(x±s)表示,不同性别、学历、年龄、职称之间的比较进行单因素方差分析,以P<0.05为差异有统计学意义。结果 不同性别、学历的教师评教结果差异无统计学意义(P值分别为0.613 9、0.891 0);不同年龄、职称教师评教结果差异有统计学意义(P值分别为0.017 3、0.032 5)。结论 年龄、职称对学生评价结果有影响。充分考虑到教师的个体差异及不同背景,对教师专业发展提出相应对策,即加强新进教师、青年教师以及中年教师的培养,增加教学在考核评价指标中的比重。
英文摘要:
      O uation to improve the quality of teaching from the angle of the teachers professional development. Methods Based on the data of students' evaluation of teaching of Shanghai medical college of Fudan University from 2008 to 2011, the article analyzed the teachers' gender, age, job title, diploma, and other relevant background characteristics. Excel 2007 was used to build dataset and the data was analyzed statistically by software of SPSS 11.0 and expressed with x±s. The statistical method of one-way analysis of variance was used to compare the teachers with different genders, education backgrounds, ages and professional titles, showing statistically significant difference(P<0.05). Results comparative analysis showed that no statistically significant differences existed in faculty teaching evaluation scores among the teachers of different genders or different education back-grounds(P=0.613 9、0.891 0). There were however significant differences in teaching evaluation of teachers of diverse ages and professional ranks(P=0.017 3 and P=0.032 5). Conclusions According to the analysis results of faculty teaching evaluations, associate professors' teaching evaluation scores were lower than intermediate grade teachers', and the score of the teachers between the age of 41 to 45 was lower than that of the teachers between the age of 36 to 40. Therefore individual variations and various social backgrounds of teaching faculties should be taken into consideration and the corre-sponding countermeasures for the professional development of teachers should been put forward. In addition, the cultivation of new teachers, young and middle-aged teachers should be strengthened, and the proportion of teaching evaluation in the Performance Appraisal should be increased.bjective Analyzing the impact of teachers' background characteristics on the Students' eval
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