引用本文:杨春喜 梅爱红 王懿 温静.转化医学理念在美国临床医师培养过程中的体现[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(1):7~9
转化医学理念在美国临床医师培养过程中的体现
The embodiment of the translational medicine in the medical education of the United States
DOI:
中文关键词:  转化医学  医学教育  美国
英文关键词:Translational medicine  Medical education  The United Sates
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作者单位
杨春喜 梅爱红 王懿 温静 Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tenth People's Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai 200072, China 
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中文摘要:
      从临床医师视角在教学理念、国家政策、学校政策、临床医师培养各阶段等方面,介绍美国临床医师培养过程中转化医学理念的融入。阐述美国医学院校(以美国维吉尼亚大学医学院为例)入学前、在校期间、医师执业考试、临床医师培训等不同阶段中转化医学理念贯彻的实现途径。为中国临床医师教育、培养过程中转化医学教育的发展提供参考。包括:①医学生在入学前,通过志愿者服务,在临床相关研究中融入转化医学理念。②医学院校学习期间,临床科学和基础研究多个组合模式的选择。③执业医师考试的多学科交叉。④住院医师和专科医师培养阶段对开展研究工作的规定。
英文摘要:
      From the perspective of clinical doctors, in the teaching idea, national policy, school policies and different stages of clinicians cultivation, the article introduced the concept of translational medicine in the process of the clinical doctors training in the United States. It described US medical schools' (U.S. Virginia University School of medicine, for example) implementation ap-proach of translational medicine ideas in different stages, such as before entering school, during the period of school, practice exam and physician clinician training. It provided the reference for the de-velopment of translational medicine education in the process of China clinician education and training, including: medical students' integration into the related clinical research in preschool through volunteer service, the choice of multiple combination model of clinical science and basic research, interdisci-plinary examination of medical practitioners and the provisions of the research work in resident and specialist training stage.
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