引用本文:袁丽君 段云友 曹铁生.临床本科生超声医学教学的实践与思考[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(1):38~41
临床本科生超声医学教学的实践与思考
Practice and experience on performing a better medical ultrasound teaching for undergraduate medical students
DOI:
中文关键词:  超声医学  教学  本科生
英文关键词:Ultrasound medicine  Teaching  Undergraduates
基金项目:
作者单位
袁丽君 段云友 曹铁生 Department of Ultrasound Diagnostics, Tangdu Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710038, China 
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中文摘要:
      目前,临床医学专业本科生的超声教学主要讲授典型疾病的超声影像表现,与基础医学、临床实践的结合程度低,不利于学生整体知识结构建构和临床诊断思维培养。为有效地开展本科生超声医学教学,尝试以“疾病或要解决的临床诊断问题”为中心,将基础医学解剖结构、生理病理改变与超声影像表现对应起来,在此基础上,对典型病例进行临床示教和具体操作;最后还与其他影像学手段进行优劣势比较。实践表明,学生对超声知识本身有了更好的认识,对整体医学知识结构有了更好的把握,对合理运用不同诊疗手段进行疾病诊断也具有初步印象,提高了学习积极性。
英文摘要:
      Currently, medical ultrasound teaching focuses on the delivering the image infor-mation itself, while its connection with basic medicine and clinical medicine is neglected. Such a teaching method is not good for students to establish a systemic view. To conduct the ultrasound medi-cine education effectively in undergraduate students, we have tried some reforms, including: perform-ing diseases or problem based teaching, integrating basic medicine, ultrasound medicine and clinical medicine throughout the whole teaching process, providing as many practice opportunities as possible for the graduates and integrating the ultrasound imaging with other medical imaging modalities. The practice shows that with the reform, the students have a better understanding of ultrasonic knowledge itself, a better grasp of the whole medical knowledge structure, and also have a preliminary impression on how to diagnose the disease through reasonable application of different treatments. In addition, students have more passion for study.
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