引用本文:张宇 薄红 李悦 刘晓民.提高内科专业学位研究生临床综合能力的方法探讨[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(2):138~141
提高内科专业学位研究生临床综合能力的方法探讨
Discussion on improving the clinical comprehensive ability of professional degree graduate students in the department of internal medicine
DOI:
中文关键词:  专业学位研究生  临床综合能力  出科考核  胜任力  内科
英文关键词:Professional degree graduate  Clinical comprehensive ability  Departmental rotation examination  Competency  Internal medicine
基金项目:
作者单位
张宇 薄红 李悦 刘晓民 Tea-ching Section of Internal Medicine, the First Clinical College of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, China 
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中文摘要:
      专业学位研究生培养的核心是临床综合能力培养。其内涵包括临床思维分析能力、临床技能操作能力和临床沟通能力,这与岗位胜任力中的知识、技能、态度的测评核心是一致的。哈尔滨医科大学第一临床医学院内科学教研室将专业学位研究生与住院医师联合培养,以岗位胜任力为导向,采取一系列行之有效的措施:严格临床轮转管理,建立多维度的日常工作考评体系;通过组织临床病例讨论会、开设临床技能训练课、规范化教学查房等,提高研究生临床综合能力;建立形成性与终结性评价相结合的出科考核及反馈体系等。研究生经过上述培训,其临床综合能力得到提高,达到住院医师第一阶段培训结束时的临床工作水平,结合其他学科的培训后可以胜任全科医师的岗位。
英文摘要:
      The clinical comprehensive ability is the core of the cultivation of professional degree graduate training. It includes the ability of clinical analysis, the ability of clinical operation and the ability of clinical communication, which is compatible with the core of the evaluation of post compe-tency in knowledge, technology and attitude. Teaching Section of Internal Medicine of the First Clinical College of Harbin Medical University combined the professional Degree Graduate training with the resident training with the post competency as the direction. We adopted a series of effective methods such as strict management of clinical rotation and multiple dimensioned evaluation system. We organized clinical discussion and set up clinical skill training course and standardize teaching ward inspection et al. to improve the comprehensive clinical ability of the postgraduates. The formative evaluation and summative assessment were combined in department rotation examination and the feedback system was set up. By the above training, the comprehensive clinical ability of the postgraduates has improved effectively, which can match the level of the first phrase resident physician. Combined with the training of other department, the postgraduates can be qualified for the general physician.
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