引用本文:王凡 杨磊 王曦.讨论式教学查房在医学专业学位硕士研究生培养中的应用[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(2):142~144
讨论式教学查房在医学专业学位硕士研究生培养中的应用
Application of discussion teaching round model in the clinical practice for medical graduate students
DOI:
中文关键词:  讨论式教学查房  传统查房  临床专业学位硕士研究生
英文关键词:Discussion teaching ward round model  Traditional ward round model  Medical graduate students
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作者单位
王凡 杨磊 王曦 Department of Geriatric Cardiology, the PLA General Hos-pital, Beijing 100853, China 
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中文摘要:
      目的 比较讨论式教学查房与传统查房对医学专业学位硕士研究生培养效果的优劣。方法 2012年1至12月,在老年病房推行讨论式教学查房,在普通内科病房实施传统查房。分别对老年病房的38名(讨论式教学查房组)和普通内科病房的41名(传统查房组)临床专业学位硕士研究生进行问卷调查,并结合他们的中期考核成绩进行评价。组间均值的比较采用成组设计的t检验。结果 讨论式教学查房组学生认为所接受查房方式对自身学习兴趣、参与意识、查房印象、临床思维培养有积极影响的人数和比例均高于传统查房组学生(P<0.05)。讨论式教学查房组学生临床技能考核总成绩也高于传统查房组[(86.4±4.8) vs (78.2±6.4),P=0.02]。结论 讨论式教学查房优于传统查房,有利于调动硕士研究生和上级医师广泛参与教学、关心教学,有利于提高专业学位硕士研究生的主动意识和培养其临床思维能力。
英文摘要:
      Objective To compare the advantages and disadvantages between the discussion teaching round model and the traditional round model in the training of medical graduate students. Methods 38 and 41 medical graduate students were practicing under the discussion teaching round model and the traditional round model in our hospital from Jan 2012 to Dec 2012. The questionnaire and the Clinical Skill Test were used to evaluate the teaching effect. The t test group design was used to make comparison between group mean. Results Compared with the traditional round model group, the discussion teaching round model group had higher evaluation to the teaching methods, consciousness of participation, the rounds impressions and clinical thinking cultivation, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05). The total score of the Clinical Skill Test was higher in the discussion teaching round model group than the traditional round model group[(86.4±4.8) vs (78.2±6.4), P=0.02]. Conclusion The discussion teaching round model can improve the quality of clinical practice and is an effective method for the education in medical graduate students.
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