引用本文:田芳 倪肖卫 周自明 鲍虹 常时新.中美医学人文教育的特点比较及启示[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(4):337~341
中美医学人文教育的特点比较及启示
Comparison of the characteristics of the medical humanities education between Chinese and American medical colleges and its enlightenment
DOI:
中文关键词:  医学教育  人文精神  比较  启示
英文关键词:Medical education  Humanism  Comparison  Enlightenment
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作者单位
田芳 倪肖卫 周自明 鲍虹 常时新 Department of Medical Imaging, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200437, China 
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中文摘要:
      美国医学院校重视人文素质培养,将丰富的人文课程充分整合到教学实践中,实现了医学与人文科学的相互渗透。教学方式上注重实践性和参与性,并且有具体、细致的考核评价系统。而我国存在轻视人文学科建设和医学生人文精神的培养,存在人文课程设置面较窄、师资不足等问题;需通过重视医学人文学科建设、合理设置课程体系、加大师资投入、改革教学方式和考核方式等措施予以完善。
英文摘要:
      American medical colleges attach great importance to the humanistic education. The rich humanities curriculum is fully integrated into the teaching practice thus the mutual penetra-tion of medicine and the humanities is achieved. They have specific and detailed examination evalua-tion system and the teaching method was more practical and participatory. By contrast, most of the medical colleges in our country neglect the humanities construction and the cultivation of medical students' humanistic spirit. The coverage of the humanities curriculum is relatively narrow and the faculty is insufficient. We should promote the development of humanistic education, attach importance to the construction of medical humanities, set up appropriate curriculum system, increase the investment in faculty and reform the teaching method and examination method.
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