引用本文:孙艳宏 刘继鑫 姚淑娟 孙艳 张浩.以科研项目为依托的开放性实验教学在病原生物学中的实践[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(7):731~734
以科研项目为依托的开放性实验教学在病原生物学中的实践
Opening experiment teaching based on research projects in pathogen biology practice
DOI:
中文关键词:  病原生物学  开放性实验  科研项目  实践
英文关键词:Pathogen biology  Opening experiment  Research projects  Practice
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作者单位
孙艳宏 刘继鑫 姚淑娟 孙艳 张浩 Department of Clinical Pathogen Biology, Qiqihar Medical University 
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中文摘要:
      为提高病原生物学的实验教学质量,培养医学创新人才,按照“三导向人才培养模式”实施依托科研项目的开放性实验教学,优化实验内容设计、实验教学形式和实验考核办法。通过在课题方向的选择中充分发挥学生的自主权,在实验内容的设计中充分考虑学生的兴趣,实验操作进程中指导教师扮演参观者角色,在实验考评中增加了问题解决和创新能力的考评等。鼓励学生参与科研项目,激发其学习积极性,培养其开拓创新的科学精神和严谨的科学态度。
英文摘要:
      According to the three orientation cultivating mode,in order to improve quality of experiment teaching in pathogen biology and cultivate innovative talents of medicine the open experi-ment teaching which based on the research projects is applied to optimize the experiment content design, teaching form and comprehensive assessment. For example, In the choice of subject direction more attention are paid to the students' autonomy; In the design of experiment content students' inter-ests should be fully considered; During the course of experiments, the teachers play the role of visitors most of the time; In the experiment evaluation, students' ability of solving problems and their innova-tive ability are included. By participating in research projects, it not only can arouse the enthusiasm of students, but also can cultivate their scientific spirit of innovation and the rigorous scientific attitude.
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