引用本文:甘胜伟 冉建华 陆蔚天 黄娟 朱淑娟 徐进 樊萍 孙善全.在局部解剖学实验教学中发挥学生主体作用的实践探讨[J].中华医学教育探索杂志,2015,14(7):735~737
在局部解剖学实验教学中发挥学生主体作用的实践探讨
Exploration of development of the subjective role of students in regional anatomy experiment program
DOI:
中文关键词:  教学措施  局部解剖学  以学生为主体  创新能力
英文关键词:Teaching measures  Regional anatomy  Student-centered  Innovation ability
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作者单位
甘胜伟 冉建华 陆蔚天 黄娟 朱淑娟 徐进 樊萍 孙善全 Chongqing Medical University, 
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中文摘要:
      培养学生主体意识、发挥其主体作用成为高校教育教学改革的必然趋势。局部解剖学作为以实验教学为主的课程,学生主体作用的发挥对提升教学效果起着更为关键影响。重庆医科大学人体解剖学教研室结合局部解剖学教学各环节特点,采取多种措施保证学生在学习上发挥主体作用。如,在预习和复习环节,通过图片绘制锻炼学生形象思维能力;在解剖操作环节,通过对解剖结构与临床疾病关系的讨论及变异结构识别,培养学生学习兴趣和创新能力;在考核评价环节,采取形成性评价,促进学生的学习主动性,并保证对学生评价的客观公正。这些措施的实施,提高了局部解剖学教学质量。
英文摘要:
      During the teaching activities, to stimulate students' subject awareness and encour-age them to play the main role in class activities are inevitable trends in the reform of college educa-tion. Students’ subjective activity is a key to the teaching effect of regional anatomy, a course mainly based on experimental program. Department of Human Anatomy in Chongqing Medical University lay-outs regional anatomy teaching program to develop the students' subjective activities in learning from the course specialty: in preview and review, to train students' image-thinking by drawing; in anatomi-cal operation link, to cultivate students' interest in learning and innovation by discussing the relation-ship of anatomical structure and clinical disease and identifying the variation of structure; in the eval-uation process, taking the formative evaluation system to promote the students' initiatives and ensure the objectiveness and fairness. The implementation of these measures promotes the regional anatomy teaching quality.
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